The hanbok (in South Korea) or Chosŏn-ot (in North Korea) is the traditional two piece clothing worn in Korea for formal or semi-formal occasions and events such as festivals, celebrations, and ceremonies. It is characterized by its wrapped front top, long, high waisted skirt and its typically vibrant colours.
Although the term “hanbok” literally means “Korean clothing”, in the modern day, “hanbok” usually refers specifically to the clothing worn and developed during the Joseon dynasty period by the upper classes. During this time, the clothing of Korea’s rulers and aristocrats was heavily influenced by both foreign and indigenous styles, resulting in many styles of clothing, such as the gwanbok worn by officials. Commoners wore only a style of indigenous clothing distinct from that of the upper classes.
In 1996, the South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism established “Hanbok Day” to encourage South Korean citizens to wear the hanbok.